Jean Piaget, one of the many founders of psychology identified the threshold of logical thinking in the third stages of cognitive development. At the concrete operational stage, Piaget observed logical thinking becomes clear in a child’s ability to use proper logic. Logic is characterized by ideas, concepts, facts, judgment, reasoning, and conclusion; and is one of the fundamentals of human intelligence.
I like to describe logic as a step by step analysis of problems from an objective point of view. Highly logical thinkers are much smarter and have impressive decision-making and problem solving skills. It is also well-known if a person practice logical thinking, he or she can become smarter. At the same time, logical thinking has its limits based on the structural requirements; the exclusion of emotional intelligence; and the generalization involved.
Logical thinking is associated with atheism; I believe this is a result of the narrow thinking involved in logic. I say this because logical thinking consists of ideas, concepts, facts, and conclusions. The reasoning involved in ideas, concepts, facts, and conclusions are developed in a step by step analytical manner. In other words, logical thinking is narrow in the sense that logic requires structure. For example, when solving a math problem, to get the correct answer you must do calculations in step by step manner using structured formulas. There is no deviating from the structured steps and formulas, in order to get the correct answer. In comparison, some logical thinkers will only believe in tangible reality, they have to see it to believe it. It is impossible if not difficult for some logical thinkers to deviate from tangible reality or to believe in the unseen.
Logic is also described as abstract thinking or a higher form of thinking; it is the ability to become emotionally independent by excluding emotions or emotional intelligence. Making judgments and decisions without any emotional attachments is a powerful tool, especially for people who are emotionally challenged or suffer from depression and anxiety. Emotions can cloud our thinking leading to poor judgment and decision-making. Keep in mind emotional intelligence is essential in developing healthy relationships, therefore, logic by itself does have its limits.
Logical thinking leads to generalization which is typically used in scientific methods of reasoning. A general idea, concept, statement, law, principle, or proposition is applied broadly to test a hypothesis, in order to determine a generalized fact. Generalization is similar to stereotyping which we know can have a negative impact on society as a whole.
Without logic it would be difficult to perform simple tasks such as cooking or planning our day. Logical thinking is essential in reasoning, problem solving, and decision-making processes. Logic enables us to become emotional independent so our emotions does not wreak havoc in our lives. Like everything else in life (excluding energy), there are limits; logical thinking is limited to its structural requirements which excludes emotional intelligence. The generalization associated with logic does not account for the many small possibilities, which in my opinion is a form of narrow thinking. To answer the question “logical thinking, is it good or bad?” It is both good and bad, there is a place and time for everything; it is all about balance.
“Too much of anything even a good thing is bad” Shakespeare.